Journeymarvel – The mainland of Australia is the largest island but is the smallest continent in the world. There are several states and territories of Australia. You can see the detail explanation below.
How Many States in Australia ?
Did you know that Australia is known for having many states? Australia as a continent is divided into 6 states also 2 territories. The following is the explanation.
1. New South Wales
New South Wales or NSW for short, has its capital in Sydney which is also a densely populated city and the largest city in Australia, located on the coast of Port Jackson. New South Wales is one of the most exciting complete tourist attractions. This is because there is the Central Coast in the north, the Sapphire Coast in the south, and the Blue Mountains in the west.
New South Wales is the oldest state in Australia because it was founded in 1788. The three largest cities in New South Wales are Sydney, Wollongong and Newcastle. Sydney is one of the cities that is easy to reach in Australia and this makes New South Wales easy to explore.
New South Wales has domestic airports in several popular destinations. For example, Byron Bay, Newcastle, as well as several small cities such as Mudgee. If you prefer to use a car, New South Wales is the best destination for a road trip. You will be able to see the winding coastline and lots of expanses of bushland to explore.
2. Northern Territory
The Northern Territory is a region at the northernmost tip of Australia and has its capital in Darwin. There are various national parks in this area, namely Kakadu National Park, King’s Canyon, and Litchfield National Park.
Then, if sorted by population, other large residential areas are Palmerston, Alice Springs, Katherine, Nhulunbuy, and Tennant Creek. The Northern Territory is a paradise for those of you who love adventure. This is because the Northern Territory offers open, reddish outback landscapes, clear waterholes, ancient Aboriginal culture, and charming tropical cities.
The capital of Queensland is Brisbane or often called Brissie. The state borders the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean to the east, the Northern Territory to the west, New South Wales to the south, and South Australia to the southwest.
Queensland is known by Australians as the Sunshine State, which is an expanse of subtropical land located in the northeast. One of the attractions of Queensland is the Great Barrier Reef which is included in the World Heritage list, the Daintree Rainforest, and the Whitsunday Islands.
Queensland is the right place for those of you who like beaches and sunshine. In the capital city, namely Brisbane, sunshine and warm weather in winter can be enjoyed longer than in other places in other countries. So, it is very suitable for those of you who like outdoor activities and water sports.
4. Next: South Australia
The country’s capital is Adelaide. The state is known for its wineries, namely the Barossa Valley, Flinders Ranges, and Kangaroo Island. You can find and visit various cultural and artistic events in South Australia.
This is what makes it nicknamed the Festival State because there are more than 500 events and festivals held every year. Adelaide is the easiest center for you to reach so you can explore South Australia’s diverse regions.
Tasmania is a state in Australia which is an island. The country’s capital is Hobart and also administers Macquarie Island. This state is famous for its natural landscape and wilderness which is suitable for those of you who like to explore nature. The landscape consists of rocky mountains, beaches, and rivers with winding canyons.
The capital, Hobart, is a truly amazing cosmopolitan city. This is because it has a variety of unique small towns, culinary spots, delicious wine tours, and many other great activities for the family.
Tasmania is an island state. Even so, it is still easy to reach from the main mainland. Tasmania’s major cities, namely Hobart and Launceston, have direct flights from Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. Once you arrive in Tasmania, you can drive to get around.
Victoria is an Australian state whose capital is Melbourne. This state has received the Most Liveable City in the World award several times. The city of Melbourne itself has cultural diversity, a friendly environment, and a modern city view.
Not only that, there are various types of tourist attractions that you can visit. Starting from museums, galleries, the Great Ocean Road, to the Grampians National Park which is included in the national heritage.
Melbourne was founded on 30 August 1835 in the Royal colony of New South Wales by former settlers from the colony of Van Diemen’s Land. Since 1837, this city has become a legal settlement taking the name of the Prime Minister of Great Britain, namely William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.
If you depart from Melbourne Airport, you can easily reach the city center in just 20 minutes by bus or taxi. From here, you can explore the Victoria area by car, bus, or train.
7. The Western Australia
The country’s capital is Perth. This place is the largest state in Australia. This state is on the west coast. Some of the tourist attractions are the Kimberley Region, Rottnest Island, surfing areas, and premium Margaret River wines. Perth itself is popular for its quiet beaches, seafood, and parks.
Since 1856, Perth’s status changed to a city. Then, it rose to Lord Mayor in 1929. This city took its name from Perth which is in Scotland due to the influence of Sir George Murray, one of the Perthshire Members of Parliament and Secretary of State for War and Colony.
8. Next: Australian Capital Territory
A country’s capital is the Canberra. Some of Australia’s important national institutions in this region are the National Museum of Australia, Parliament House, and the National Gallery of Australia.
As the center of the Australian government, Canberra is home to Parliament House, the official residence of the representative of the United Kingdom (Governor General), the Supreme Court, and various government institutions and departments.
So, Australian states and territories have different descriptions. You can visit one or several of these places according to your wishes.